Today is renowned historian Nikoghayos Adonts's birthday
Nicholas Adonts (January 10, 1871 – January 27, 1942) was an Armenian historian, specialist of Byzantine and Armenian studies, and philologist.
Adonts was born in the village of Brnakot in Sisian, which was then part of the Zangezur uezd of the Elisabethpol Governorate (modern Syunik). His family traced its roots to an eighteenth-century Armenian military figure and close ally of David Bek named Ter-Avetik. He graduated from a parochial school in Tatev and later studied at the Gevorkian Theological Seminary in Echmiadzin and the Russian gymnasium in Tbilisi (1892–1894).
Adonts was accepted to the University of St. Petersburg and studied at the Departments of Oriental languages and History and Philology under the general direction of the renowned historian and linguist, Nicholas Marr. He learned Latin and Greek and graduated with honors in 1899. Following this, Adonts went along with Marr to Europe (Munich, Paris, London, and Vienna) and the two worked together in the area of Byzantine studies until 1901. In 1903, Adonts returned to the Caucasus, learning Georgian and later working at the manuscript repository in Echmiadzin.
Adonts wrote and defended his thesis on "Armenia in the Period of Justinian" in 1908. Adonts was appointed as the private-assistant professor at the University of St. Petersburg in 1909. He received his Ph.D. and the title of a professor after defending his dissertation, which was entitled "Dionysius of Thrace and his Armenian Commentaries," in 1916. In that same year, with archaeologist Ashkharbek Kalantar, he participated in the second Van archaeological expedition organized by Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences. One year later, he was appointed honorary trustee and professor at the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages in Moscow.
In 1920, Adonts left Russia and moved to London and then Paris. Adonts was invited to deliver lectures at the University of Brussels in 1930 and was appointed to the position of the head of the newly organized Department of Armenian Studies. During the Second World War, Belgium was occupied by Nazi Germany and after Adonts and the other professors refused their orders to work at another institute, the University of Brussels was shut down. Left with no salary, Adonts willed his work to Belgium's small Armenian community and died shortly after that in Brussels on January 27, 1942.
Adonts left more than 80 monographs on the history and literature of Medieval Armenia, Armenian-Byzantine relations, Armenian-Greek philology, mythology, religion, linguistics in the Armenian, Russian and French languages. He published his first scholarly article in the journal Handes Amsorya in 1901. Some of his other notable works include The Peasantry of Ancient Armenia, The Art of Dionysius Grammarian and his Armenian Interpretations, and Political Parties in Ancient Armenia. His Armenia in the Period of Justinian (under the full Russian title of Армения в эпоху Юстиниана: Политическое состояние на основе Нахарского строя), based on his dissertation, however, is considered to be one of the "most important achievements in Armenian studies of the 20th century." In 1970, his work was published in English by Byzantine historian Nina G. Garsoïan. In another notable work, Mashtots and his Students According to Foreign Sources, Adonts placed the date of the creation of the Armenian alphabet by its founder, Mesrob Mashtots, to the years 382–392 A.D., approximately 20 years before the traditional given date (405).
In a stark departure from his studies on ancient and medieval Armenian history, Adonts took a vested interest in the history of the Armenian Question in the immediate years following the end of the First World War and published some works. These included two books published in English in 1918, Historical Basis of the Armenian Question and the Fall of Turkey and The Dismemberment of Turkey; two works published in Russian in the same year, Turkey's Note and Western Armenia and The Armenian Question and German Plans; and The Armenian Question at Sèvres, which was published in English in 1920. He charged Western Europe for taking advantage of the Armenians' plight in the Ottoman Empire to increase their influence in the region. Adonts also condemned Soviet Russia for signing the Treaty of Brest Litovsk, which effectively left Western Armenia within the borders of the Ottoman Empire.
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